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  • When there is not enough oxygen being carried to the body by the red blood cells, the skin and mucous membranes can turn a bluish color. This is known as cyanosis.

  • Cyclophosphamide is classified as an alkylating agent. It is used for cancer chemotherapy and/ or to suppress the immune system. Cyclophosphamide may also be used for other conditions as determined by your veterinarian.

  • Cyclosporin is an immunosuppressive agent. It is used to treat diseases and disorders caused by an overactive immune system. An ointment for the eye is also available for treating dry eye syndrome (keratoconjunctivitis sicca). Cyclosporin may be used to help heal cracks around the anus (perianal fistulas).

  • Cyproheptadine is an antihistamine that may be used to prevent or control an allergic reaction. This medication may also be used to stimulate a cat’s appetite. Cyproheptadine is useful to relieve allergic symptoms; however, it will not cure the underlying disease. Your veterinarian may prescribe cyproheptadine for other symptoms or problems.

  • Dogs, like people, can develop a variety of bladder and kidney stones. Bladder stones (uroliths or cystic calculi), are rock-like formations of minerals that form in the urinary bladder, and are more common than kidney stones in dogs. A somewhat rare form of urolith in the dog is composed of cystine crystals.

  • By definition cystitis means inflammation of the bladder, and the term is used as a general description for any disease that causes inflammation.

  • Cysts are hollow spaces within tissues that contain either a liquid or a solidified material; the contents may be a natural bodily secretion or an abnormal breakdown product.

  • Cytology is the microscopic examination of cells that have been collected from body tissues. By examining the appearance of these cells and looking for inflammation or infection, it is often possible to diagnose specific diseases or determine the nature of a pet's illness (see article 'Cytology - General' for an introduction to Cytology).

  • Cytology is the microscopic examination of cells that have been collected from the body. By examining the appearance of these cells, including their number, size, shape, color, internal characteristics, and how they fit together with their neighbors, it is often possible to make a diagnosis of a specific disease process.

  • Cytology is the microscopic examination of cells that have been collected from the body. By examining the appearance of these cells, including their number, size, shape, color, internal characteristics, and how they fit together with their neighbors, it is often possible to make a diagnosis of a specific disease process.