Skip to content

Articles

Diagnosis

  • Fever of unknown origin is a term that is generally used to refer to a persistent fever of greater than 39.7 °C (103.5 °F) for which the underlying cause is not readily evident.

  • Heartworm disease is a parasitic disease that typically affects dogs but can occasionally occur in cats. Heartworm parasites, known by the scientific name of Dirofilaria immitis, are long thin worms that live in the right side of the heart and the pulmonary arteries, the large blood vessels that carry blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs.

  • Heartworm disease is caused by a parasite called Dirofilaria immitis, better known as heartworm. The parasites are long, hair-like worms that live in the right ventricle of the heart and the pulmonary artery, which is the large blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the lungs.

  • The causes of inappropriate urination include diseases (infections, tumors) affecting the kidneys, bladder and genital tract, endocrine diseases such as diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, Cushing's disease and estrogen responsive urinary incontinence, as well as neurological disease and behavioral problems.

  • Increased appetite is completely normal in pets that have high energy requirements, such as growing puppies and kittens, pets that exercise strenuously such as hunting dogs, and pregnant or nursing females. Also, pets eating a poor quality food may eat more to meet their energy requirements.

  • These clinical signs are non-specific and can be caused by many different diseases or conditions. Usually increased production of dilute urine results in a compensatory increase in water consumption, but occasionally the condition is one of increased water intake resulting in the production of large volumes of dilute urine.

  • Jaundice (also called icterus) is a condition characterized by the accumulation of the bile pigment ‘bilirubin’ in the skin, mucous membranes, and sclera (the whites of the eyes), causing these tissues to become yellow in color.

  • The most common cause of lameness is trauma or injury to joints, ligaments, tendons, muscle or bone.

  • Low blood sugar is a very serious situation, and can have a lot of different causes. Testing blood sugar levels is fairly straightforward, but additional tests may be needed to determine the cause.

  • Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Borrelia. The bacteria are most commonly carried by the deer tick, also called a black-legged tick.