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  • A Coombs' (or direct antiglobulin) test detects the presence of immunoglobulins (antibodies) on the surface of red blood cells. Immunoglobulins are proteins made by white blood cells (specifically plasma cells).

  • Coonhound paralysis describes a sudden inflammation of multiple nerve roots and peripheral nerves in dogs, and occasionally cats. A more accurate term for the symptoms that occur in dogs who have not encountered a raccoon is “acute idiopathic polyradiculoneuritis,” but the older vernacular persists.

  • Corneal dystrophy is a term used to describe several conditions that occur in dogs and cause the corneas to become opaque. There are three major categories of corneal dystrophy: epithelial, stromal, and endothelial. Each is named by the anatomic location of the abnormal tissue and opacity.

  • The cornea is the transparent, shiny membrane that makes up the front of the eyeball. With a corneal ulcer, fluid is absorbed from the tears into the stroma, giving a cloudy appearance to the eye. The most common cause of a corneal ulcer is trauma. Less common causes of corneal ulcers include bacterial infections, viral infections, and other diseases.

  • Coronavirus disease is an intestinal infection in dogs that is usually short-lived, but may cause considerable abdominal discomfort for a few days. The cause is a virus of the Coronavirus family.

  • Corticosteroid ear drops are generally used to decrease inflammation, itching and pain. This type of medication may also be used to decrease the amount of wax production in the ear. Corticosteroid medications that are commonly found in topical ear products include hydrocortisone, flucinolone, triamcinolone, betamethasone, and dexamethasone. These medications may be combined with antimicrobials, which are used to treat infections.

  • Corticosteroids are used in the eye to stop inflammation. They are most commonly used to treat conjunctivitis, episcleritis, scleritis, pannus (chronic superficial keratitis), and eosinophilic keratitis of the cat. The most common corticosteroid eye preparations are prednisolone and dexamethasone.

  • One of the most common injuries to the knee of dogs is tearing of the cranial cruciate ligament (CCL). This ligament is similar to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in humans. There are actually two cruciate ligaments inside the knee: the cranial cruciate ligament and caudal cruciate ligament. They are called “cruciate” because they “cross” over each other inside the middle of the knee.

  • One of the most common injuries to the knee of dogs is tearing of the cranial cruciate ligament (CCL). This ligament is similar to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in humans. There are actually two cruciate ligaments inside the knee: the cranial cruciate ligament and caudal cruciate ligament. They are called “cruciate” because they “cross” over each other inside the middle of the knee.

  • Dogs are highly social animals that make wonderful pets; however, with the lifestyle and schedule of the majority of families, dogs must learn to spend a portion of the day alone at home while their human family is away. Training the dog to spend time in a crate will prevent undesirable or unsafe activities.