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  • Tumors of the intestinal epithelial lining include non-cancerous polyps, benign adenomas and malignant epithelial tumors (adenocarcinomas). The polyps and adenomas may be multiple and cause local obstruction.

  • Muscle (called “smooth muscle”) and fibrous connective tissues form the framework (stroma) that holds other tissues together within the organs of the body. They enable these organs to contract and stretch as part of their function, for example in digestion of food.

  • Digoxin is used to control the rate and rhythm of your pet’s heart. It also improves the strength and efficiency with which the heart beats.

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy is a disease that causes the heart muscle cells to become weak and frequently causes abnormal heart beats to occur. Both of these problems can cause the heart to lose its ability contract or pump blood effectively out to the body.

  • Cardiomyopathy is defined as degeneration of the heart muscle. As a result of this degeneration, the muscle becomes thinner, particularly the thick muscle wall of the left ventricle. The pressure of the blood inside the heart causes these thin walls to stretch resulting in a much larger heart.

  • Diltiazem is a calcium channel blocking agent which is used to treat high blood pressure and to decrease the heart rate. Diltiazem decreases the heart’s need for blood and oxygen and therefore reduces the amount of work the heart must do. It also helps the heart beat more regularly.

  • Dimenhydrinate is generally used to prevent nausea and vomiting caused by motion sickness in dogs and cats. This medication may be used for other conditions as determined by your veterinarian.

  • Dimethylglycine is a highly unusual supplement, in that it is extremely popular despite the fact that all of its touted effects have largely been refuted by clinical and laboratory testing. It is most widely used as a performance enhancer by athletes, and in dogs and horses that are bred for racing purposes.

  • Diphenhydramine is an antihistamine used to prevent the symptoms of allergies. This medication may also be used for its sedative effect to calm an animal and prevent itching associated with an allergic response. This medication may be used for other conditions as determined by your veterinarian.

  • Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE), also known as cutaneous lupus erythematosus, is an autoimmune disease that affects the skin, in which the body’s own immune system is activated to attack the body. Dogs with DLE develop crusting and scabbing of the skin, most commonly starting around the nose, as well as a loss of skin pigmentation in the affected area.