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Dogs + Medical Conditions

  • Thrombocytopenia is a decrease in the number of blood platelets (also known as thrombocytes) circulating in the blood. Any severe or prolonged blood loss, increased internal destruction of platelets, or impaired bone marrow production can lead to acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) deficiency of platelets.

  • Since dogs have tonsils, they can also develop tonsillitis. Tonsillitis has a fairly low rate of occurrence in dogs, and is more common in small breeds of dogs.

  • Tooth resorption (TR) is a common oral abnormality seen in dogs. Although the premolars of the lower jaw are most commonly affected, lesions can be found on any tooth.

  • The trachea, or windpipe, is the tube connecting the throat to the lungs. Small rings of cartilage along the tracheal wall maintain the tube shape. In the dog, these rings do not completely encircle the windpipe, but only cover about 5/6 (83%) of the circumference.

  • The tympanic membrane or “eardrum” is a thin membrane that separates the outer ear canal from the middle and inner ear. The middle ear contains the three tiniest bones in the body, the malleus, incus and stapes, more commonly referred to as the “hammer, anvil and stirrup.” The Eustachian tubes are also located in the middle ear. If the eardrum is perforated or “tears,” bacteria and fungi from the outer ear canal may enter the sensitive middle ear resulting in otitis media or middle ear infection.

  • Ulcerative keratitis is a kind of inflammation that occurs in the cornea of the eye.

  • Dogs, like people, can develop a variety of bladder and kidney stones. Bladder stones (uroliths or cystic calculi), are rock-like formations of minerals that form in the urinary bladder, and are more common than kidney stones in dogs There may be a large, single stone or a collection of stones that range in size from sand-like grains to gravel.

  • Urethral or urinary incontinence is the loss of voluntary control of urination. It is usually observed as involuntary urine leakage.

  • Urinary tract infections occur when bacteria ascend up the urethra and into the bladder. UTIs are fairly common in dogs.

  • Urticaria or hives is a skin condition characterized by raised red skin welts. Urticaria is commonly caused by an allergic reaction.